Nowadays, architectural model is been concerned as a bridge between architects’ design philosophy and present design ideas to clients to overview.
It helps to eliminate design flaws before the design being deployed to build.
More important, the architectural model plays an indispensable role in the planning, fundraising, construction, marketing and sales process of construction projects.
For real estate investment and sales, property developers want the Master Plan Architectural Model to reflect the region’s relations to its surroundings’ future development, infrastructure, traffic, and facilities etc. by presenting its future urban planning.
Herein, a scale from 1:200-1:500 is often utilized.
Office building architectural model is created in a high level of detail requested by the clients to provide an impressive and realistic representation of a construction project.
Generally, it is used for marketing or building exhibition.
The office building model brings the architect’s design to life by creating various lighting configuration, detailed building façade especially windows details and textures and other encourage elements like people, cars, and surrounding landscape.
Residential building models are invaluable tools in the retail world for pre-construction approval, building project phasing, design presentation and client approval.
Residential building architectural models can provide the potential housing buyer or investors a good understanding of the design by showing the road and path layout, entrance, building material and the living environment.
Therefore, it is a great tool for the real estate sales office for marketing.
In most instances, airport architectural model is used to represent the design and the operation of the airport to the airport authority.
It is also used for fundraising efforts and community acceptance.
Sometimes, airport model is made for private collection as well.
Airport runway, taxiway, control towers, cargo and terminal buildings, airport hotel, passenger bridges and other accurate details like signage on each plane are made to scale to make the model look as realistic as possible.
At present, new stadiums are popping up since the sport is becoming increasingly popular. The stadium architectural model has two main functions. One is expressing the design concept of the stadium.
The other is displaying the stadium seating plan to the audience. Electric lights and manicured grass are critical when making the stadium models.
The main purpose of making a hotel architectural model is to show a vivid image of the hotel’s features, thus attract investments and potential hotel guests.
A variation of lighting effect is created to make a distinction between commercial and residential areas as well as to highlight the extraordinary designs.
Almost all the sophisticated details are replicated perfectly by the architectural model makers.
Components like real water gushing system can produce remarkable effects when it is used to make swimming pools and fountains.
The primary function of shopping mall architectural models is attracting investments and merchants to settle down.
In order to represent commercial atmosphere, the materials used to make retailing architectural models are always matching with the finished design.
Shopping mall model reproduced the interior designs of a shopping mall.
Other components like backlit signage, LED billboards, etc can help to enhance the overall effect of adding to the models.
Interior architectural models are manufactured according to different functions such as industrial, commercial, office and home interior models.
Once the interior model is coupled with the building project model, the roof is removable to show how the interior space is designed, decorated as well as the selection of furniture.
It is extensively used in real estate market to attract potential homebuyers or investments in sales offices.
Villa architectural models are usually made in big scale, for example, 1:25, 1:50.
This model makes used mechanized components for taking the floor levels up and down to show the complete interior design including the furniture, the lighting fixtures, swimming pools and other amenities.
Villa models are widely used by the developers to illustrate the building projects to the potential housing owners and assisting them to sell plots.
Theme Park Architectural Models are widely used for public display and generate clients’ interest to attract investments.
But most importantly, the model can tell the theme stories which inform and inspire people in an education and entertaining way.
Entertainment facilities like ray speed circuit, startle castle and waterfalls are the key components to make a realistic effect.
The current design of the museum is tending to be modern and abstract especially its shapes.
In order to reflect these bold design ideas, high-tech and effective technologies and skilled architectural model builders are both indispensables.
In many cities, the museum is being concerned as the landmark of the city.
The city government requires elaborate and detailed museum architectural model to attract visitors all over the world
Generically, a landscape model incorporates a variety of specific features of the area. It includes the topography, the evolutions on the buildings, various types of settlement like farms and parks, and other facilities like wind turbines and solar PV units.
The purpose of the model is to analyze the impact of terrain changes, building layout, and other possible environmental influence.
After scaling down the site to a required small scale, every scenario can be accurately recreated for the relevant departments and authorities to explore new development plans. It can assist public consultation process as well.
In some cases, landscape model is being used to attract investments or give the public an insight into their living conditions.
The industrial architectural model demonstrates how the factory operating after it is built. It includes varies facilities of the manufacturing plant and waste treatment process, etc.
Sometimes the industrial model requires customized components such as wind turbine and chimney to represent the real conditions.
And adding some landscaping detail, trucks and workers can bring the industrial model to life.
In most cases, bridge model is made for exhibition purpose. It requires a high level of detail to represent the features and motion of the bridge.
For instance, a suspension bridge model incorporates copper wire and smooth casting premium fishing line to make the model looks as realistic as possible.
In reality, a shipyard is divided into several working zones according to different types of work in production.
It includes component fabricating area, preassembling and coating area, assembling area, docking area, etc.
The shipyard model illustrates the whole manufacturing process.
In order to bring the model to life, a variety of buildings types, shipbuilding facilities, a wide range of ships and cranes, as well as lights and other details are required to be produced.
A professionally built mosque model contains fundamental parts of the building, including minaret (tower), courtyard, outer arcade and sanctuary with mihrab (niche).
As all we know, Moslems architectural mosque is a sacred house of prayer. It is the symbol of purification and blessing. A mosque is characterized by its domed roof and numbers of columns.
As clients requested, the mosque model can be made with more delicate parts, such as windows that are framed around with vine leaves.
In order to present a vivid picture, mosque models can be installed with lighting system and coupled with surrounding landscapes. Although it is manufactured with modern methods, the model maintains mosque’s traditional essentials and qualities as it has stood for centuries.
Hospital architectural models represent the wisdom of design schemes and plans. Hospitals are markers of milestones in our lives. Bearing such social significance, hospitals play a unique role among public buildings.
The design of hospitals is the realization of the institution’s function through its form. So that stakeholders can understand the building’s values and strengths.
Hospital is the building put in specific use associated with public interests. Therefore the hospital models render relevant properties.
For instance, succinct yet sublime facade gives people the impression of trustworthiness. The volume reflects its capacity. Supporting facilities add more credits to the hospital model project.
School architectural model aims to demonstrate how the whole space fulfills its specific function. The building usually comprises several areas serving for various educational purposes respectively.
School is the public building and space created for educating. It accommodates students, teachers and other staffs. This space must be safe and comfortable. All educational activities are held within this space.
School model also emphasizes its surrounding. The public space, such as a playground, is the extension of the interior space, those classrooms. The school model can cover every part of the school, revealing the relationships between each other.
Facade architectural models expose key features of the building’s curtain – shape, color tone, texture, and material, opening arrangement and so on.
Since architecture is expressed through its facade. Facade is the “skin” wrapping around and covering the core construction skeleton.
Sometimes, the well-designed facade makes a building an eye-catcher among others.
Facade architectural model can be applied in a wide range of buildings. The main purpose of facade architectural model is to display how the building looks like does from its exterior and at distance.
A remarkable facade architectural model impresses its audiences at first glance, appealing them to discover more about the building.
Section architectural model provides us a view to exploring the building internally. It articulates the architectural language that massing models can’t speak.
Section architectural model is preferably scaled at 1:100 or bigger. Smaller scaled model is of less value because it is less capable of exposing details. Space is composed of components. Components are arranged to create forms. Forms are exhibited in consistent or conflicting orders.
Section architectural model unfolds the logical relationships among structures, forms and orders. From connections at corner, proportion and layout between individual elements, to the overall framework, section model breaks down the building and then rebuild it.
Architects are able to analyze and investigate details.
Not all the time is an architectural model with full details needed and preferred.
White Architectural Model is favored when architects want to highlight a few main points of their intentions of design.
Hence this type of architectural model is frequently adopted as a conceptual model illustrating the scheme instead of the finalized design.
Users can benefit from the architectural model’s monochromatic character, avoiding colors and finishes issues but still clearly visualizing the spatial arrangement.
Important architectural features are abstracted, emerged and dominated represented in a simplified but bold form.
No matter it is made for competition judges or apartment purchasers, white architectural model effectively renders the design in three dimensions and is widely used for developing ideas, exploring design potentials, comparing or contrasting variations and so forth.
It is easy to work with this white architectural model and later alter it as the project goes.
Architectural models can be categorized into numbers of subtypes in terms of the materials being applied.
Wooden architectural model is one of them, which is particularly useful for certain projects.
The choice of material can be determined by the object of the architectural model making (e.g. conceptual or detail-oriented) and the type of the architecture (e.g. modern or traditional).
Once done, the material will reflect its inherent quality and characteristics, whereby expressing the intended architectural effects.
When natural, primitive or vintage effects are pursued, architects usually think of wood, which carries special colors, patterns and textures hence renders itself best in the aspect.
Furthermore, the wood itself is one kind of commonly used building materials throughout history and all over the world.
Wooden architectural models are therefore also favored by private collectors who are fascinated with, say timber-framed houses (Fachwerkhaus) in Europe or post-and-beam constructed temples in China or Japan.
Wooden architectural models can be made from a variety of different wooden materials, for instance, balsa wood, balsa strips, basswood/ Tilia (lime) wood, wooden boards and so forth.