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3D Printed Architectural Model Service

3D printed architectural model is the 3D printing application within architecture and landscaping. They are much easier and faster to make compared to traditional methods, and at a lower cost.

3D printing saves architects, designers, and scale model makers  from doing manual work. This allows them to focus more on developing concepts and perfecting their final work.

Thanks to 3D printing technology, the majority of the structure can be printed at once as a single piece.

A 3D printer can produce intricate components, such as colonnades, columns, arcades, and arches, as architects and other users require. 3D printing allows you to efficiently create scaled-down architectural models of good quality.

In addition to achieving a high level of details, RJ Models tailors its professional and best service to your need and design. We also incorporate lighting, finishing and other extra effects on the 3D printed architectural model.

Simple Steps to Work With Us for 3D Printed Architectural Model


3D Printed Architectural Modelof Çamlıca Republic Mosque

Scale: 1:250   Size: 1500mm x 1250mm    Production Time: 30 Days 

3D printing technology builds this entire Camlica Republic Mosque architectural model. This includes the dome, tall columns, building piers and all other components.

Due to the larger size of the architectural model, RJ Models printed the different section of the mosque separately. The separate components then go through further polishing to attain a perfect finish before painting and assembly. The 3D printed model makers then installed lights and added trees to bring the entire model to life.

When the client gave their approval to the finished 3D printed architectural model for Turkey. RJ Models professionally packaged the model in a custom made box before dispatching to ensure the model can deliver to any designated country.


3D Printed City Conceptual Architectural Model

Scale: 1:300   Size: 1200mm x 450mm x 800mm   Production Time: 2 Days 

Today, 3D printing is coming into frequent use of conceptual models to examine new proposed urban designs. This model provides the public with a true sense of how the city will evolve. Additionally, 3D printed model can aid in representing design ideas and development planning.

3D printed city conceptual model provides a key benefit. It helps architects discover several design concepts and iterations quickly in the early architectural design stage. 3D printed city conceptual model is an ideal tool for assessing how the new design will influence its surroundings.

More and more architects enjoy the use of 3D printed city models because it saves a lot of time and cost while increasing the capacity for exploring architectural design concepts, which in turn helps designers to make design choice decisions. RJ Models completed this model to depict the new proposed city layout. The model highlights the city skyline by showing the relationship of heights between buildings.


3D Printed Architectural Modelof Tokyo New National Stadium

Scale: 1:1000   Size: 750mm x 350mm   Production Time: 21 Days 

RJ Models once again had the honor of working with Zaha Hadid Architects in 2012. We were responsible for creating a 3D printed architectural model of the New National Stadium in Tokyo. Zaha Hadid designed the Tokyo New National Stadium in her unique futuristic style. The new Tokyo Stadium resembles a baseball cap, in a defined streamlined design.

The outer skeletal shell of steel beams made up the roof and resembled a futuristic spacecraft. To enhance the accuracy of component generation, RJ Models' designers first reviewed the 3D stadium model drawing. We then reworked it to make it more comprehensible and facilitate the production process.

From re-drawing to outputting the components for a 3D printed architectural model in Japan, the error tolerance must not exceed a millimeter. The color used on the 3D printed architectural model plays a decisive role. RJ Models experimented with various hues, ultimately settling on a metallic gray to capture the essence of Zaha's design philosophy.


Kaohsiung Port Terminal 3D Printed Model

  • Scale: 1 : 150
  • Size: 3500 x 1500mm
  • Production Time : 1 Months

This 3D printed architectural model was built for the Kaohsiung Port and Cruise Service Center development presentation in southern Taiwan. Designed by Reiser + Umemoto, the multi-functional terminal seamlessly integrates of a port terminal, office building, and public facilities. In general, it was expected to maintain the continued economic viability of the port terminal. Additionally, it aimed to sustain and expand the regular maritime operations of the cruise terminal and ferries.

Structurally, the terminal has a curvilinear building shape and clear patterned skin, which artfully reinterprets of the desert’s reflective phenomena. To make the 3D printed architectural model more straightforward, RJ Models used advanced high-precision 3D printer. It can capture the model texture and the essence of design.

This 3D printed architectural model was made from strong and flexible polylactic (PLA) material, printed in sections. It went through processes such as assembly, coloring, polishing, and painting to become an integral 3D printed model. This 3D printed architectural model serves as an ideal presentation tool for sales and marketing events. Furthermore, it imparts an aura of energy to the model of terminal design.

3D Pritned Architectural Model

China Resources (Holdings) Co.Ltd Headquarter 3D Printed Office Building Model

  • Scale: 1: 100
  • Size: 450mm x 500mm x 400mm
  • Production Time : 7 days

Located in the center of Houhai District, this 67-story China Resources Headquarters building was designed by KPF. Also known as ‘the Spring Bamboo’, It is the 3rd tallest building in Shenzhen. This 3D printed office building model is a conceptual replica of this building structure. RJ’s experts in 3D printed architectural model making combine 3D printing with traditional craftsmanship. This approach not only saves time but also helps with cost savings when creating the oblique grid building fabric for the office building model.

The RJ 3D printed architectural model making team had to ensure that each piece was assembled accurately. Additionally, the team took patience to carefully seal every seam. Despite the intricate process, we managed to complete the final office building model in just 20 days. This 3D printed architectural office model is more like a delicate artwork. At the same time, it also perfectly reflects the unique architectural character of the real-life structure.


3D Printed Architectural Modelof Yenikapi Etnospor

  • Scale: 1: 100
  • Size: 100mm x 750mm
  • Production Time : 21 days

Every May, Istanbul holds the Etnospor Kultur Festivali (Etnospor Cultural Festival), which celebrates the Turkish, Turkic and Central Asia sports and culture.

When RJ Models accepted the job, the project team chose and recorded the busiest and liveliest moments of the celebration. The project team then used these moments as a basis to construct the 3D printed architectural model. The model designer used more than 50 carefully selected model people.

The designer then arranged these model people into tourists visiting the festival and participants playing out the games. Such as oil wrestling, Turkish Jereed, and Turkish Archery successfully created a vivid scene of the celebration.

The team took 15 days to complete and deliver the 3D printed architectural model, which includes the display of all the festival’s sports events.


Dalian International Conference Center 3D Printed Architectural Model

Scale: 1:150   Size: 600mm x 450mm    Production Time: 18 Days 

RJ Models uses 3D printing technology to display the grandeur and unique architectural design of the Dalian International Conference Center. Situated in Dalian Diamond Bay is the Dalian International Conference Center, a centerpiece of the emerging Dalian Central Business District. 3D printing technology can also create tapered roof structures for the theater and the conference space at a faster rate.

The model maker further polished and painted to enhance the look of the 3D printed architectural model. Equipped with lighting facilities inside, the model successfully demonstrated the designer’s idea on this instantly recognizable landmark in Dalian. The 3D printed architectural model created a strong impression among the public. It also attracted the attention of international community to this new modern city of Dalian.


Yinchuan Museum 3D Printed Architectural Modelby WAA

  • Scale: 1: 300
  • Size: 750mm x 450m
  • Production Time : 12 days

Museum of Contemporary Art Yinchuan is the first large-scale contemporary art gallery in Northwest China. The design concept came from the designer’s understanding of the local geomorphology, whic is the ever-changing and shifting Yellow River. It also stemmed from his recognition of the landscape created by the weathering phenomenon.

The facade of MOCA Yinchuan mimics the layers of sediment left by the gradual shifting of the Yellow River. RJ Models followed through with this design concept and created a 3D printed architectural model that brought it to life. To further display the designer’s intention for a primary natural hue on the building, RJ Models sprayed it with warm white paint.

When placed on a black base, the 3D printed architectural model displays the concept of the building design more prominently. This placement created a strong impression on its audience.

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3D Printed Architectural Model in Metal

  • Scale: 1:200
  • Size: 350mm x 350mm
  • Production Time : 3 days

Traditional methods of making metal architectural models are wasteful, resulting in plenty of chunky parts and unused model-making material. In contrast, 3D printed metal architectural models can significantly reduce material waste to a minimum. 3D printing technology holds great potential for creating metal architectural models. It enables the separate 3D printing and spray-painting of individual model parts with a tailored metal finish before final assembly.

Our skilled model makers in Dubai produced the metallic surface of this 3D printed metal architectural model with precision and elegance. They achieved this by spraying the acrylic model with a golden metal finish. The finished product boasts a remarkably lightweight design while retaining a strikingly realistic metal aesthetic, surpassing its machined counterpart.

The integration of 3D printing technology with post-processing techniques effectively mimics the color and texture of 3D metal architectural models. This combined approach has become an ideal and popular way for turning these models into highly realistic prototypes.

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Art Museumof 3D Printed Architectural Model

  • Scale: 1:200
  • Size: 450mm x 450mm
  • Production Time : 3 days

Generally, plastic and wood are considered the most commonly used materials to build block architectural models. However, it is a time-consuming process and a great majority of the model making materials will be cut away. In contrast, 3D printing technology is more adept at producing architectural models. These models often possess specific irregular shapes or angled directions that exceed the capabilities of traditionally handcrafted models.

When making this 3D printed architectural model in the UK, RJ Models encountered challenges in  translating structure complexity into a completed object. To address these difficulties, we employed an advanced 3D printer to ensure precision and accuracy in the final model.

Thanks to RJ Models' rich experience in 3D printing model making, we are adept at utilizing high-performance 3D printers. This allows us to create architectural models with intricate geometries and gloss or satin finish, while maintaining remarkable dimensional precision.


3D Printed Architectural Frame Model

Scale: 1:250   Size: 1100mm x 750mm   Production Time: 2 Days 

Using the conventional 3D printed architectural frame model in China  to create this 3D printed architectural frame model is quite laborious. Additionally, it is time-consuming due to its intricate meshed structure. With advanced 3D printing technology, architectural models with complex structures can be easily made. However, traditional model making methods are somewhat constrained, often limited to straight lines and box-like shapes.

RJ Models used 3D printer to create the curved and rounded rooflines of this 3D printed model with high precision. This was achieved because 3D printing is currently the fastest and most accurate model making technology available.

Equally important, using 3D printing to make this architectural model is cost-effective. By minimizing the amount of material needed, it ensures structural integrity was maintained very well at the same time.


3D Printed Architectural Model for Riyadh Office Building

  • Scale: 1:500
  • Size: 1350mm x 1350mm
  • Production Time : 14 Days

This 3D printed architectural model is a Riyadh Office Building, which encompasses three high-rise structures. These buildings correspond to a mixed function that includes the office, hotel, retailing, and residential areas.

Located in the center of Riyadh’s business district, these three iconic towers, comprising two newly designed structures and one existing one, collectively dominated the city’s skyline. These towering edifices, standing side by side, are interconnected in pairs. They are seamlessly joined by a continuous structure that is designed as a materialized shadow with lush rooftop gardens atop.

The selected colors for this 3D printed model includes white for the proposed buildings and yellow for the existing ones. This combination grants this 3D printed model a pristine and refined aesthetic. More profoundly, these hues encapsulate the design concept's 'unique, minimalist, and monochrome' essence.

Furthermore, RJ Models emulated the ambient surroundings of the 3D printed building complex, focusing on authenticity without excessive details. This approach ensures that the complex blends harmoniously with its surroundings while maintaining the unique identity of the new towers.

This 3D printed model is undoubtedly an incredible tool for real estate marketing activities. It  provides visions and sensual experiences that one can’t get from a digital screen or 2D images.


3D Printed Architectural Model of Nanjing by SOM

Scale: 1:500   Size: 850mm x 1400mm    Production Time: 10 Days 

RJ Models has undertaken the responsibility of 3D printing the Pukou International Research and Development Park of Nanjing. This 3D printed model is an enlarged version of the previously 1:1000 model. SOM requested further depict the key features of this new planned area and its potential for the city development.

This 3D printed model underscores the pivotal role of Pukou International R&D Park in Nanjing's rapid transformation. Using monochrome materials, RJ Models crafted the conceptual model in several sections. Then, we seamlessly pieced the sections together to form a comprehensive display.

Obviously, the centerpiece of this 3D printed model is the super high-rise office building. Structurally, the building façade is inspired by traditional Chinese ancient towers. It integrates the cambered architectural elements, which were perfectly illustrated after having precisely 3D printed.

Different from other conceptual scale models, RJ Models installed LED lights this time to illuminate the building tower from inside. This enhancement not only augments interactivity but also turns the 3D printed model into a uniquely recognizable silhouette.

This 3D printed model helps the designers to communicate design concepts efficiently, and more straightforwardly. The final product breathes life into the architectural vision, enabling viewers to comprehend the project in a more ideal way.


Edrington of Macallan new distillery 3D Printed Architectural Model

Scale: 1:400   Size: 2400mm x  1500mm   Production Time: 14 Days 

Designed by Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners, the distillery would feature 'one of the most complicated timber roof structures worldwide. The dramatic and awe-inspiring design idea came from the hilly landscape.

The contours were 3D printed and overlaid to match the exact elevations of the site. The surrounding landscape was also emulated, incorporating subtly white-painted trees with precision, to showcase how the new distillery will seamlessly integrate into this sloping site.

RJ Models exerted immense effort, utilizing multiple different 3D printers to significantly enhance the already exquisite detail in their previous 3D printed architectural models. 

The accomplished 3D printed model is unparalleled in its accuracy. It offers you an unique way to present your design from all angles. This also allows the viewers to gain perspective on the notable fluid roof structure.


3D Printed Yacht Model

  • Scale: 1:50
  • Size: 550mm x 350mm
  • Production Time : 14 days

The 3D printed yacht model exhibits a high-degree of accuracy and intense detail. It perfectly expresses the true essence of 3D printing technology, combined with post-processing techniques.

Using traditional, standard model-making methods to manufacture and assemble numerous individual components is a complex and laborious process. However, the 3D Printing technology employed by RJ Models to create this accurate 3D printed yacht model offers the possibility to build an integral model with excellent surface quality.

3D printing reduces the timeline, enabling RJ Models to complete this 3D printed yacht model in a short time period. Additionally, post-processing techniques like painting and polishing save RJ Models both time and cost. 3D printing is gaining popularity due to its precision, low manufacturing cost, and short production time.

Additionally, the aesthetic value of the finished products also contributes to the increasing popularity of 3D printing.

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3D Printed Architectural Model - Rockwell Group Beach Club Model

  • Scale: 1:100
  • Size: 1500mm x 1500mm
  • Production Time : 14 Days

RJ Models took on the task of capturing the unique character of the club's roof structure while maintaining an aesthetic feel for the display effect. To accomplish this, RJ Models selected a 1:100 scale for the 3D printed model. Despite the ability to 3D print architectural models in full-color, we opted to paint the model entirely white.

RJ Models used white nylon plastic with a matte finish to print the model, which is contrasted with the wooden base. Furthermore, we skillfully replicated the water features, enhancing the model's depth and texture, successfully simulating a natural and immersive environment.

What is worth mentioning is that the slight grainy roof texture was painstakingly reproduced using advanced 3D printing technology.

Without much redundant detail, the model provides a clear illustration of the design concept. It allows the viewers to project themselves in the program.

The final 3D printed model is visually stunning, making it a perfect way to attract investors, sponsors, and donors during project presentations. Once the project is underway, it can also serve to bring the public awareness.


Qatari Patrolium 3D Printed Model by SOM

Scale: 1:500   Size: 2000mm x 1500mm   Production Time: 30 Days 

SOM in Doha aims to to showcase the open-mindedness design of the Qatar Petroleum Complex. To achieve this, they have commissioned RJ Models to create this 3D printed architectural model. This model serves as an improved representation to demonstrate architectural details of the Qatar Petroleum headquarter project.

Since the client requested RJ Models to incorporate lighting in this 3D printed architectural model, modelers devised a precise strategy. The modelers then cut the model into several parts and printed each piece separately to facilitate the incorporation of lighting. Upon the individual units arriving at the exhibition ground, RJ Models scrupulously assembled them without any misalignments or gaps.

Nearly unitary miniature trees and high-performance acrylic were used to showcase indigenous plants and attractive water features interspersed between buildings. The team had sprayed the acrylic with blue tinted lacquer on the back. This design approach offers the viewer a neat visual aesthetic experience and a sense of intimacy.

The eventual 3D printed  architectural model in Qatar is truly a striking piece of work. It perfectly shows the essential design concept while reducing the manufacturing time and manpower.


3D Printed Model for WKCD Project in Hong Kong

  • Scale: 1:2000
  • Size: 6000x 4000mm
  • Production Time : 30 Days

This urban planning models created by RJ Models. Its breathtaking quality is partly attributed to its surprising amount of architectural detail and unparalleled level of 3D printing accuracy.

To comprehensively showcase the key features of the West Kowloon Cultural District, RJ has created a 3D printed architectural model. We have incorporated into this model nearly all the symbolic structures and facilities that we are planning and constructing. These include the Xiqu Centre, the M+ Museum, the Lyric Theatre Complex, and a vast 230,000m² Art Park, among others.

The developments and proposed buildings were 3D printed using high-quality resin with the assistance of top-tier desktop 3D printers. Afterward, they were carefully sanded to create a crystal architectural appearance. RJ Models used positioned LED lights illuminated from the bottom inside the buildings to create a dramatic effect. 

The existing structures of this 3D printed architectural model were represented by white plastic volumes to provide a relatively stand out contrast to the new development area, simultaneously, giving the viewers a perception of the constructive evolution of the district.

The existing structures in this 3D printed architectural model were depicted as white plastic volumes, creating a stark contrast with the new development area. This simultaneously offered viewers a perception of the constructive evolution of the district.


Hang Zhou City Planning 3D Printed Model by SOM

  • Scale: 1:1000
  • Size: 1800mm x 1800mm x 500mm
  • Production Time : 20 Days

Working closely with SOM, we fabricated a 1:1000 conceptual model using 3D printing technology. This model served as a distinguished presentation tool for Hangzhou’s ‘the gate of green land’ urban planning efforts. This ambitious project seeks to embody forward-looking optimism while showcasing the city's rich historical character.

RJ Models has gathered CAD drawings and related Sketch-up models of various existing and newly planned buildings. Then, the team printed them in batches using stereolithographic 3D printing.

All the 3D printed architectural model components were printed in full color without any painting and support. This saves a significant amount of time and cost.

And after these individual parts arrived at the destination, RJ modelers finally assembled them on a wooden platform.

The final 3D printed architectural model lacks subtle architectural design details. However, it is certainly an invaluable aid in making urban planning decisions and promoting urban planning communication and strategy.

3D Printed Architectural Model

Office Building 3D printed model

  • Scale: 1: 300
  • Size: 100mm x 350mm
  • Production Time : 3 days

The above image shows a 3D print of 2 concept office architectural models.

An architect often requires some form of direction and inspiration during the design of a building. Additionally, 3D printing can provid thise while also revealing the architect’s design ideas.

A 3D printed architectural model is often made up of uneven surfaces. The general appearance can often be less than perfect.

To achieve a pristine model, RJ Models prioritizes the smoothness of the surfaces on the 3D printed architectural model. They achieve this by utilizing only uses top-of-the-range 3D printers and the highest quality printing material.

The result, after some polishing and smoothening of the model base, is a professionally finished piece of work.


Dalian International Conference Center 3D Printed Architectural Model

  • Scale: 1: 150
  • Size: 600mm x 450m
  • Production Time : 18 days

RJ Models uses 3D printing technology to display the grandeur of Dalian International Conference Center and its unique architectural design.

Situated in Dalian Diamond Bay is the Dalian International Conference Center, a centerpiece of the emerging Dalian Central Business District. Dalian International Conference Center located in the centerpiece of CBD, the Eastport Business District which is known as Diamond Bay.

3D printing technology can also create the conical roof structure of the theater and the conference space at a much faster rate.

With the lightings fitted in the interior of the model, it successfully demonstrated the designer’s idea on this instantly recognizable landmark in the City of Dalian.

The 3D printed architectural model also created a strong impression among the public and attracted the attention of international community to this new modern city of Dalian.


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3D Printed Architectural Model: The Ultimate FAQ Guide

3D printed architectural model refers to a physical prototype-based presentation of a structural object in three dimensions via specialized computer software.

This physical architectural model gives people a stronger impact than a mere visualization on the computer screen.

Thus, you can see the potential design and scale of construction on a specific interior design project.

In this guide, you’ll learn different aspects surrounding many aspects of a 3D printed architectural model.

Take a look:

What Is The Purpose Of 3D Printed Architectural Model?


3D printed architectural model

Figure 1 3D printed architectural model

Essentially, the primary purpose of using 3D printed architectural model is to portray real-world and conceptual visuals for entertainment, drafting, simulation, and art.

Of course, 3D concept is integral in various industries such as marketing, video gaming, virtual reality, computer-aided design, etc.

Besides, this type of model comes in handy in producing visually striking architectural prototypes to promote a specific project.

In essence, it allows you to showcase a realistic, miniature version of the ultimate result.

This architectural blueprint thus enables you to start creating directly after modeling your ideas physically.

Another purpose of 3D printed architectural model is to speed up the actual design process.

The model design puts all the pieces together, providing a real view of the project.

Thus, it enables you to establish the actual estimated and completion time for the ultimate project if all factors remain constant.

The other purpose of 3D printed architectural model is to enable you to save time and money.

This object gives the contractors and inspectors 3D visualization of the project hence easily pinpoints any possible concerns.

In essence, addressing such issues early enough helps save money and time.

What Are Main Benefits Of 3D Printed Architectural Model?

Designing and printing 3D architectural model offer a wide range of benefits in structural and construction engineering.

The main benefits, however, include the following;

Allow You To Visualize Architectural Designs Better

Ideally, a 3D printed object makes your design tangible.

Thus, a comprehensive scale model of the ultimate project is likely to make a fundamental way of communicating the design ideas.

In essence, this model eliminated guesswork and theoretical nature of sketches and technical diagrams.

Easy To Re-edit, Re-use And Reprint

3D printed architectural models give you flexibility with your models.

If you request alteration, you can simply edit the model accordingly and the object reprinted.

Essentially, the benefit herein is that you are always in complete control to determine the best design object as possible.

Reduces Time Wastage Spent On Creating Architectural Scale Models

3D printer allows your design to come to life while saving several hours of work, which usually creep into making a scale model.

After placing an order for 3D printed architectural models, you can carry on with other important tasks since 3D printer does the work autonomously.

Suitable For Creating Complex Shapes And Designs

It is the ultimate technique for creating and printing designs made of complex design elements such as complicated facades or double-curved surfaces.

Models Are Printed In Excellent Quality And Available In Many Materials

Modern 3D printed architectural models hardly appear pixelated and rough.

Professional 3D printers nowadays print these models with an absolute level of detail and quite smooth surfaces.

Moreover, you can always choose from a wide variety of materials available in different color shades.

Gives You Cost And Time Estimates

Ideally, 3D printed architecture is a visual presentation of the actual structural project.

Thus, it gives you the necessary cost and time estimates the project is likely to take.

Of course, this is fundamental since it enhances your planning accordingly in ensuring you attain desired results effectively.

What Are The Main Types Of 3D Printed Architectural Models?

Technically, 3D printed architectural models come in three main types, which include the following;

1) Concept Design Model

It is the type often used during conceptualization stage of your design ideas. Ideally, during the initial stage, you are likely to see the beginning form and shape.

Of course, most designers start with 2D sketch of design, but the basic model can provide a different outlook into the design process.

3D printed architectural model

Figure 2 concept design model

2) Working Design Model

After developing a full idea of what you are creating, you can convert it into a working design model.

At this point, you can address all the concerns, such as design flaws or any issues surrounding the initial design.

3D printed architectural model

Figure 3 working design model

Thus, you can shed light on new innovative ideas and implement them accordingly.

3) Concept Presentation Model

This 3D architectural model presents a higher level of detail than the initial physical model. In essence, it reflects your finished product’s materials and scale.

It is an ideal choice to consider when you are ready to present the ideas to the client or potential investor.

What Are The Main Materials Used For Making 3D Printed Architectural Model?

You can choose from a wide range of materials when making 3D printed architectural models.

Some of the common options include the following;

Transparent resin – It is a common material usually used for printing 3D components of a final 3D model such as windows.

Prime gray – Also referred to as gray resin, you can use this material for 3D print precise scale 3D models.

People can easily paint them afterward. It provides smooth final touch.

ABS – It is arguably the most common material for printing different 3D architectural models. ABS filaments are relatively common and quite affordable.

Nylon – At times, it is known as 3D polyamide and made from plastic powder. It has a sandy final surface with a granular look and is slightly porous.

Full color – It is not necessarily a material per se, but it enables you to reproduce realistic colors in 3D printed architectural models.

How Does 3D Printed Architectural Model Affect Architecture?

Technically, every architectural project begins with a concept model.

This tool is fundamental since it allows architects, clients, and the public to visualize the architects' vision and design.

In essence, 3D printed models simplify the process by architectural rendering highly detailed physical models from various materials and colors depending on CAD model.

Thus, it creates efficiency, making it easy for architects to turn models faster and more accurately.

Traditionally, interior design has always been challenging and time-consuming for many architects.

However, 3D prints allow them to create detailed parts and complex furnishings relatively quickly.

Besides, these prints give customers a broad variety to choose from, thus saving time searching for them and waiting for them to arrive.

3D printed architectural models also make it possible to build a structure out of sustainable materials within a short time and affordably.

In essence, this model has several uses in the architectural industry, including building concepts and entire structures among others.

Moreover, it makes it easy for you and the engineers to change the concept model faster and inexpensively.

What Are The Processes And Technologies Used In 3D Printed Architectural Models?

Production of three-dimensional objects uses a variety of processes, equipment, and materials.

Essentially, 3D printing, in some instances, is also referred to as additive manufacturing.

As such, the several available 3D printing processes tend to be naturally additive, with a few core differences in technologies and materials used.

The common physical transformations used in 3D printing include the following;

  • Melt extrusion
  • Light polymerization
  • Uninterrupted interface production
  • Sintering

Nevertheless, the common types of 3D printing process include the following;

  • Inkjet technology
  • Material extrusion
  • Powder bed fusion
  • Binder jetting
  • Stereolithography
  • Computed axial lithography
  • Liquid additive manufacturing
  • Lamination

What Are The Three Primary Steps Of Printing 3D Architectural Model?

You can use several techniques to print 3D architectural models.

However, the printing process nearly consists of three basic steps, which include the following;


Before developing an object with a 3D printer, people design the model using dedicated computer software.

Modelling is thus the first step and entails designing the object models using special software known as Computer-aided design (CAD) package.

Once complete, it is saved as an additive manufacturing file (AMF) or Stereolithography (STL) format.

At this stage, model files are assessed for errors since they could cause defects in printed objects if ignored.

Figure 4 modeling

Figure 4 modeling


It is the second stage and involves printing or building the object. The file is uploaded to the 3D printer, assuming it does not have any errors.

3D printer uses instructions in respective files to determine where and how the material is deposited. Modern 3D printers build objects by depositing material layers onto a bed.

Thus, the printer builds the bottom layer first before building the next highest layer.


This is the third and final stage in printing 3D architectural models. Essentially, it involves making the final touches on the printed objects.

People can add solvents to create a tender surface finish. Also, this is the step where supports for holding the object during printing are removed if used.

What Are The Main Challenges In 3D Printed Architectural Model?

Essentially, 3D architectural prototype printing comes with several benefits in the structural engineering field.

However, it also faces several challenges, which stakeholders are grappling with from time to time, such as follows;

Lack Of Standardization

The technology lacks standardization of machines, thus a potential for low-quality products.

The lack of universal standards in printing technologies creates discrepancies among different 3D printed architectural products.

However, various agencies have develop several interventions aiming to end the uncertainty.

Most of these agencies are working on developing consistent and harmonized industrial specifications and standards.

Product Lifespan Concerns

Many people are now producing 3D printed architectural models by copying the intellectual property of renowned producers.

Reducing product obsolesce makes 3D printing problematic, and companies have to work on better business models to guarantee product lifespan.


Many people are now producing 3D printed architectural models by copying intellectual property of renowned producers.

You can find cheap knock-offs, which ultimately affect the quality of the products in the market.

Environmental Degradation

Technically, plastics elements are the core materials used for making different 3D printed architectural models.

Of course, plastic produces high-quality and inexpensive products.

However, most plastic byproducts end up in landfills, which contradicts efforts of environmental conservation and reduction of plastic reliance.

Expensive Equipment And Product Cost

The main concern for professional 3D printers is the equipment cost.

Ideally, you can find it reasonably cheap to print with plastic materials, but metal printers often used by several professional companies are pretty costly.

Is Printing 3D Architectural Models Unhealthy?

Not really. Most materials and production processes used in making 3D architectural models are relatively hazardous.

Technically, most resins, which are commonly used materials for making these models are sensitizers.

It implies they tend to cause a mild allergic reaction due to prolonged exposure. Chemicals making up most resins are irritants and often cause dermatitis.

Another safety concern regarding 3D printed architectural models is air contamination. Resin emits fumes, which potentially compromise your indoor quality air (IQA).

This can lead to fatigue, headaches, or more severe complications like respiratory issues. Moreover, if you work around these fumes for long, they could cause lasting respiratory system issues.

Besides, some resins emit suspected carcinogens, thus likely to cause cancer issues after prolonged exposure.

Is There Size Limitation For 3D Printed Architectural Models?


The size variation for printed 3D architectural prototypes often varies based on numerous factors.

Different users have specific preferences as far as the ideal size is concerned.

However, it is noteworthy that the type of printer size will limit these models.

The size of a 3D printer determines the exact size of the architectural model you can print.

Nevertheless, there are instances when you can merely print the models in smaller pieces and then join them manually to form bigger models.

What Are The Main Modelling Types Of 3D Printed Architectural Models?

Nowadays, almost all architects use 3D printed models to visualize the interior and exterior designs of different structural engineering projects.

As a result, the options for these models are quite varied to cater to all the unique needs of different projects.

However, the main types of 3D printed architectural models include the following;

3D Edge Modelling

In some instances, it is known as a wireframe, and it entails outlining a 3D project, and the artist use polygons to fill the spaces between the lines.

It is the simplest and fastest way of making 3D visualizations and prints.

However, it is a suitable tool for designing and printing simple residential homes and buildings.

Thus, it is unsuitable for creating relatively complex architectural models.

3D CAD Modeling

Computer-aided Design (CAD) converts 2D designs into 3D using relatively complex algorithms.

You can use it to create prototypes for different structures ranging from basic residential homes to complex high-rise buildings.

Ideally, 3D CAD models are accurate thus perfect for visualizing exterior structural design.

It is advantageous since architects can use it to modify structure’s color pallet easily and to decorate the project as it develops.

3D Interior Modelling

It is an ideal type of 3D printed architectural modelling often used to pitch potential investors and buyers.

This type is regarded as the biggest selling point for any structure.

Ideally, it makes every room unique and gorgeous.

BIM modelling

Building information model (BIM) is a relatively intelligent and complex type of 3D architectural modelling.

Ideally, it allows all the involved stakeholders, including the engineers, architects, and other professionals, to work together.

Ordinarily, it is a networking tool, which allows all the parties working on the project to visualize the building as a whole.

CGI Visuals

3D printed architectural models with CGI visuals are relatively attractive and more convincing to interested investors and buyers.

It is also unique and provides a better alternative if you are looking for a gorgeous 3D presentation for your project.

How Long Does 3D Printed Architectural Model Last?

It depends on different factors such as the following;

Type of material used – Some materials offer longer durability than others when used to make 3D printed architectural models.

Environmental conditions – 3D architectural models exposed to moderate environmental conditions will outlast one subjected to harsh conditions.

Types of additives integrated – During manufacturing process, several strength additives are usually incorporated into the base material.

However, the specific additive determines the actual durability since they have different specifications.

In general, 3D printed architectural models can last for several years.

PLA prints stored and used indoors can last virtually forever, especially if not used to sustain comparatively heavy items.

ABS prints are stronger thus more durable than PLA prints.

Essentially, typical 3D printed architectural models can last for at least 15 years or more under normal conditions.

How Accurate Are 3D Printed Architectural Models?

The accuracy of this component depends on a myriad of factors.

For instance, the type of printer and its specific settings are the core elements in determining the accuracy of 3D printed architectural models.

Accuracy also varies based on the mechanical properties of the material used for printing the models.

Additionally, post-curing methods determine accuracy of the 3D printed architectural model.

Some materials, especially resin-based, usually shrink; thus, an ideal post-curing method would compensate for the shrinkage.

Besides, the ecosystem, which merely entails print preparation software, post-processing tools, and integrated systems, determines the accuracy of this model.

Nevertheless, the global accuracy across the entire arch is within ±100 microns over 80% of surfaces if printed at between 25-50 microns.

What Is The Ideal Tolerance For Printing 3D Architectural Models?

At least 0.1 mm is the recommended dimensional tolerance for most additive technologies.

What Factors Do You Consider When Going For 3D Printed Architectural Model?

They are quite several, but the main ones include the following;

Size – Ordinarily, you can find 3D printed architectural models in different size designs.

The ideal size is dependent on several factors, including type of project and your preference.

Level of detail – Always look into the specific detail surrounding the type of 3D printed architectural model you are producing.

Ideally, 3D printing is highly technical and takes longer, thus the essence of establishing the level of details required.

Material – Never overlook the specific type of material used for producing these models. Broadly, the material determines several elements, including quality and durability.

Intuitive software – It is a particular consideration, especially if you are new to 3D printing. Ordinarily, the software used plays an essential role in determining the print quality and time spent to produce it.

What Is The Cost Of 3D Printed Architectural Model?

There is no definite price for any 3D printed architectural model.

In other words, it varies based on a number of factors such as follows;

  • Type of material used for making the print
  • Type of software used
  • Build size
  • Quality
  • Brand
  • Level of details

Nonetheless, depending on these factors, the cost of this model range from $500-$1500.

3D printed architectural model

Figure 5 3D printed model

What Is The Typical Process Of Getting 3D Printed Architectural Model?

When you order for 3D printed architectural model, here is the process used for developing it from scratch to a tangible object;

  • Submitting your requirement for a quotation
  • Receiving information of the project
  • Preparation and confirmation of model sample
  • Handcrafting 3D printed architectural model in progress
  • Transportation of completed 3D printed architectural model

How Long Does It Take To Produce 3D Printed Architectural Model?

It depends on the level of detail the 3D architectural model entails.

You can print simple designs overnight since they do not require too many details.

On the other hand, the printing process can take a few days once the correct files are completed.

Secondly, the turnaround is also dependent on the size of the model you are printing.

Ordinarily, bigger models will take longer to print and assemble than smaller models.

Most importantly, the type of 3D printer you use also determines the actual turnaround of your 3D printed architectural model.

A speedy printer will print the model within shortest time than a relatively slow 3D printer.

Nonetheless, the turnaround for relatively simple projects is about 7-10 days.

However, complex projects could take up to a month to complete.

What Are The Shortcomings Of 3D Printed Architectural Model?

Often, the disadvantages of 3D printed architectural model would vary from one user to another depending on several factors.

However, the main drawbacks you should consider before opting to use this process include the following;

Restricted Build Size

Most 3D printers available in the market currently have small print chambers restricting the size of parts you can print.

Thus, you’ll need to print anything bigger in separate parts and then join them manually after production.

Ideally, this can be costly and time-consuming, and in the long run, quite inconvenient.

Design Inaccuracies

Depending on the type of 3D printer and process used, you can easily experience design inaccuracies.

Ordinarily, some printers have lower tolerances; thus, you are likely to find discrepancies in the original and final parts.

However, this is fixable in post-processing, but it will further increase production cost and time.

Copyright Issues

Since 3D printed architectural models are becoming popular and accessible every day, it is increasing chances of creating fake and counterfeit products.

Thus, in the long run, it will become impossible to tell the difference, which leads to quality control concerns and copyright issues.

For all your 3D printed architectural model services, contact us now.

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